Invasion Games / Confidence / Coachable / Team Player

Attitude Module Game Play Overview

Game Play Category: Invasion Games

What Invasion Games Develop

Invasion games are team games where the purpose is to invade the opponent’s territory while scoring points and keeping the opposing team’s points to a minimum, and all within a certain time. “These include sports where the ball is being carried or caught across a line, thrown or shot into a target, or struck with a stick or foot into a specific target area.” (Pearson & Webb, 2008). Invasion games are strategic types of games with multiple transferable skills. These include games such as Netball, Soccer, Rugby, Ultimate Frisbee, Hockey and Basketball.

Transferable Skills

  • Sending an object: E.g. throwing a ball or a disk, kicking a ball or passing a puck, ball or ring with the appropriate apparatus.
  • Receiving an object: E.g. catching with the hands, cradling a ball with the feet, or receiving an object with a stick.
  • Dodging: Dodging typically refers to maintaining personal space, making sure not to collide with other players or objects.
  • Change of direction: Changing the direction your body is traveling is an extremely important skill to all games in this category.
  • Traveling in multiple directions: An important part on both the offensive and defensive side of these games is being mobile; going forwards, backwards, to either side, and to all diagonals.
  • Speed & Agility: An important skill in many games within the category of invasion/territory and in other categories as well.
  • Spatial awareness: Spatial awareness is a key concept within this category, and is useful in many other categories. Through TGfU, students can easily develop the complicated skill of recognizing their position with association of the object of play (ball, Frisbee, etc) and their opponent. Spatial awareness might be one of the most important skills a student could possess when attempting to master more complex games.
  • Change of speed: Being able to change speed is a skill as well as a strategy within the invasion category.
  • Anticipation: While anticipation is not a necessary skill it can be extremely valuable when playing defense in these types of games.

Game Play Activities

The game play activities in this unit develops the offensive skills and strategies for Invasion Games. All levels begin with developing a simple pattern ball to establish some of the learning around receiving and throwing a large ball in a variety of ways and increasing the numbers of balls to add to the complexity that also helps develop communication. Movement and the addition of defenders is added as children develop their skills.

Many of the activities for the younger children utilise small groups. This ensures the children have multiple opportunities to practice their learning so that their confidence and competence grows and they develop a positive attitude towards participation in these types of games.

Learning is then transferred into a variety of other Invasion Games where a variety of large balls skills are used. Level 3 sees the introduction of Touch Rugby and the new Turbo Rugby game. This further develops their skills in movement both with and without the ball, strategies and tactics.

Attitude Module Character Overview

Character Focus Words


This unit focuses on developing a winning attitude by looking at how one can grow in confidence, become more coachable and by being a team player.

Creating a winning attitude looks at some actions that can be taken to develop an attitude worth catching.  It also looks at developing an “Attitude of Gratitude” as components to developing a contagious attitude. The use of positive body language is explored, and how to develop a positive attitude to create healthy relationships. The older children look at debating as a way to develop a positive attitude towards people despite differences in opinions. Debating notes, roles and possible topics are all included in the teacher’s manual. 


The development of confidence is a focus in this unit. It gives strategies for the children to use to grow their own self confidence. Part of growing self confidence is an acceptance of their own weaknesses as well.  Developing a positive self belief and “can-do” attitude and thinking positively will enable the children to grow their own self confidence.


Improving their own personal learning is the focus of the word coachable. The slogan “Learning to Learn” helps the children learn to understand that following instructions, listening to others, trying new things, not making excuses and understanding that failure is okay are ideas introduced to the children as important building blocks in the “Learning to Learn”.

Team Player

Finally being a team player is defined as, “learning to do what is right for everyone, not just myself”. Ideas looked at in this unit include being reliable, speaking up honestly and respectfully, listening, being an active team member, being flexible, giving compliments and owning up to mistakes. Communicating positively is also an important component to being a team player. All of these ideas connect well into sports as many of the attributes that create a champion in life through developing a positive attitude, are also the same when playing games.